Molecular and Genetic Biomarkers
are alteration expressions of structures of nucleic acids, proteins and proteoglycans is currently undergoing a standard shift with the incorporation of as part of routine diagnostic panel. Molecular alteration ranges from the DNA, RNA, microRNAs (miRNAs) and proteins. The miRNAs are recently discovered small non-coding endogenous single-stranded RNAs that critically regulates the development, invasion and metastasis of cancers. They are altered in cancers and have the potential to serve as diagnostic markers for cancer.
· Protein Biomarkers